Italian citizenship can be obtained in many ways, among them through direct lineage (ius sanguinis) or by marriage to an Italian citizen (ius matrimonii). In principle, court proceedings via the maternal route seek to recognize a bloodline exclusively, thus spouses cannot participate directly. However, if the marriage was held prior to April 27th of 1983, spouses may be included in the judicial process. If there is a ruling in favor of citizenship, they will be granted Italian citizenship at the same time as the other applicants. In all other cases, we recommend that you make inquiries regarding administrative processes for the recognition of Italian citizenship by marriage at an Italian Consulate.